Oldest Franchises- Survivors Of Time
The NHL turns 100 this year but as we are often reminded, tradition doesn’t come easy in a world driven by dollars and cents.
Of the 122 teams comprising the four majors- NHL, NFL, NBA, MLB- only 12 original franchises have survived the headwinds of time to stay rooted in their cities and preserve their original names. The rest were born and shaped out of decades-long mergers, expansions and relocations.
Hockey's Montreal Canadiens (photo above) are the only continuously puck-shooting members of the NHL since it was formed in 1917; Toronto Maple Leafs are not included since they started off as the Toronto Arenas.
A decade later, the fledgling league crossed the U.S. border to incorporate the Rangers, Black Hawks, Redwings and Bruins, forming the "Original Six" along with the Toronto Maple Leafs.
Football is equally thin of original old timers. The Green Bay Packers and Chicago Bears are the NFL’s only signature teams going back to its inception in 1922. The Giants arrived in 1925 and the Eagles eight years after that.
The NBA has only the Boston Celtics and New York Knicks who stayed true to their cores since the league's genesis in 1949.
Modern baseball, founded in 1903, is luckier with 7 original clubs that managed to fight off the onslaught of time- White Sox, Tigers, Phillies, Cubs, Reds, Cardinals, Pirates. Not counted are the Red Sox who got branded later in 1908, the Yankees in 1913, the Indians in 1915.
America's favorite pastime also had its shakeups in the 19th century and didn’t suffer from the challenge of upstart leagues that plagued other professional sports.
The NHL was forced to merge with the WHA in 1979, the NBA with the ABA in 1976, and the NFL with the AFL by 1970.
A number of existing teams also predate their leagues, though most were reinvented times over in the constant search for a profitable home.
Football’s Arizona Cardinals journeyed from the original Chicago Cardinals in 1920, to the St Louis Cardinals in 1960, to the Phoenix Cardinals in 1988, and lastly to the Arizona Cardinals in 1994.
Basketball’s Atlanta Hawks saw their own time machine: Buffalo Bisons in 1946, Tri-Cities Blackhawks in the same year, Milwaukee Hawks in 1951, St Louis Hawks in 1955, and finally the Atlanta Hawks in 1968.
Baseball’s Atlanta Braves went through 9 iterations since their early days as the Boston Red Stockings. They even won three World Series in three different cities- 1914 as the Boston Braves, 1957 as the Milwaukee Braves, 1995 as the Atlanta Braves.
No doubt the march of time can't hold back economic, demographic and political forces, but hopefully the "surviving dozen" will continue to prevail.
AUTO RACING May 24, 2009 Brazil’s Helio Castroneves wins the 93rd edition of the Indianapolis 500, becoming the first foreign-born driver to claim the famed chase three times (2001, 2002). Starting out from pole position in car #3, Castroneves clocked the 200-lap race in 3:19:35. Placing 2nd at the 500 in 2003, 2014 and 2017, Castrovenes is regarded as the best driver who never won an IndyCar Series championship.
RUNNING May 18, 1999 American running champion Betty Robinson dies at the age of 87. The Riverdale, Illinois native was the first female to win gold at the 100m sprint when the race was introduced to women at the 1928 Olympics in Amsterdam. She went on to claim gold again in the 4 x 100m relay at the 1936 Olympics in Berlin after the heavily favored Germans, who were leading, dropped the baton.
HORSE RACING May 20, 1989 Pat Valenzuela wins the Preakness Stakes aboard Sunday Silence, crossing the finish line in a time of 1:538 and edging out rival Easy Goer by just a nose. Both jockey and horse had won the Kentucky Derby earlier, but would miss out on a Triple Crown three weeks later at the Belmont Stakes after trailing Easy Goer by eight lengths.
BASEBALL May 16, 1979 The NL approves the sale of the Houston Astros by the Ford Motor Company (Credit) to John McMullen. The team would sign up pitcher Nolan Ryan, baseball’s first $1 million contract, and go on to reach the playoffs the following year for the first time in franchise history. Founded as the Houston Colt .45’s, the Astros were renamed in 1965 as a reference to the nation’s space center.